This autumn, the planned tramway route to Mistrzejowice will be checked from a geological perspective. It involves drilling and field sounding as well as laboratory analysis of samples collected. Purpose? To identify soil and water conditions where the works will be performed.
Drilling began in the third week of September and involves works at approx. 120 selected points in the strip of land where the project is planned. Deep boreholes are made in the area of the planned tramway tunnel, while shallow ones are performed where the trackbed and roads will be constructed. Geologists are already now checking the parameters and arrangement of the subsoil layers in specific locations. The next stage of the survey includes sounding and laboratory analyzes of the collected samples. This will bring detailed knowledge of the soil and water conditions where the new tram infrastructure is planned.
The survey is to be completed in November. What will the designer and contractor learn? For instance, the groundwater level of the groundwater will be established to allow engineers to properly design the lowered part of the trackbed and to select an adequate method of securing the excavations. They will also know whether the excavated spoil (soil) can be reused for construction purposes.
Once the substrate is accurately recognized from the geological perspective, new infrastructure can be safely designed and the impact of construction works minimized.
114 – the number of questions asked in the on-line chat that took place on 7 September 2021. We did not answer all of them during the chat due to time constraints. The following are responses to the remaining ones.
When will we know which specific trees will be removed?
A predevelopment plan has been made where every tree was covered – it is a meticulous and precise study. Cutting down a tree will always be an individual decision. Decisions concerning greenery are only taken after the roadway layout is planned and a detailed conflict analysis is ready – at this point we would know which trees can be saved. The number of trees to be cut down will be established after obtaining RCC decision.
Will trees be transplanted?
A lot of freshly planted greenery is located next to new buildings and possible relocations / transplants are considered there. Old trees cannot be transplanted but we will be trying that with young ones as we want to save as many of them as possible.
Why the trees that are in conflict with the investment must be cut down? Is transplanting an option? A similar method was applied when tramway route was built to Górka Narodowa–Krowodrza Górka terminus.
A predevelopment plan has been made where every tree was covered – it is a meticulous and precise study. Cutting down a tree will always be an individual decision. A lot of freshly planted greenery is located next to new buildings and possible relocations / transplants are considered there. Old trees cannot be transplanted but we will be trying that with young ones as we want to save as many of them as possible.
Old trees may very well be transplanted. Such a solution was already applied in Kraków. Take the area owned by the AGH University of Science and Technology at Mickiewicza avenue.
Felling will be limited to trees that are actually in conflict with the planned infrastructure. Options, if any, will be considered for transplanting trees to different locations.
Does the project entail the removal of large trees?
The main goal of the project is to keep as many trees and shrubs as possible and in this respect a detailed analysis is being conducted. A predevelopment plan has been made where every tree was covered – it is a meticulous and precise study. Cutting down a tree will always be an individual decision.
Is there a plan to build ‘green stops’ on the tramway platforms? I’m asking about greenery planting, e.g. in flower pots. Or will there be regular concrete platforms like the ones along the tramway route to Płaszów or Ruszaj – without any shading. I’d like to recall that you picture the tramway route to be an incentive for the residents. A number of bus stops on the planned project route feature shading. Not very much of an incentive if this is to be replaced by concrete stops without any shade.
In line with the PFU, there are no requirements concerning the ‘green stops’. This remark was forwarded to Kraków Municipal Road Authority (ZDMK) and whether this solution is applied or not is the Public Partner’s decision.
How many trees and shrubs will be cut down due to the project? How many trees will be planted in the vegetated strip designed, e.g. on Meissnera street?
Cutting down a tree will always be an individual decision. Decisions concerning greenery are only taken after the roadway layout is planned and a detailed conflict analysis is ready – at this point we would know which trees can be saved. The number of trees to be cut down will be established after obtaining RCC decision.
Pursuant to the decision on environmental conditions dated 24/05/2017, compensation planting is required which as far as possible would be performed within the project, along the entire tramway route.
Are there green track beds planned on separated sections?
In line with the PFU, the entire tramway route planned will be featuring a green track bed, except for the tunnel under Polsadu roundabout and its ramps as well as:
– bus and tramway lanes,
– road crossings,
– bicycle crossings,
– the areas of tram stops.
A different solution is applied in these places (a trackbed made of precast track slabs).
What about the noise aspect of the planned tramway route? Being a resident of Bohomolca street, I would like to know if the trackbed along Bohomolca street (the current ‘football pitch’) is to be a green one? And one more thing – what about the crossing with Bohomolca street? Will there be any noise-reducing solutions applied?
The designer’s documentation must be in line with the environmental decision. Pursuant to the legal regulations in force, the investor – before ordering the design currently implemented – had obtained such a decision. Generally, the closer the residential buildings are to the planned project, the greater the likelihood of building them with sound barriers. The exact set-up of the barriers is individually adjusted to the terrain and the comfort of the residents. The current version of the design is not finished and the residents’ comments are gathered. Also, opinions on the design are issued by all municipal companies and institutions responsible for the review of documentation, utility owners or environmental authorities. The designer must reassess the environmental impact of the project – more specifically, or must review the solutions that are included in the building permit design.
(see the previous question for the response to the green trackbed question)
The crossing with the roadway of Bohomolca street will be a ‘floating track’ one to significantly reduce vibrations and noise generated by the trams.
Additionally, there will be lubricators located before curves to prevent any grinding or squeaking noise caused by friction between the rolling stock wheels and the rails.
Why are you planning noise barriers beside the parking lot of a building supplies store, the parking lot and green square next to Meissnera and Chałupnika intersection? The local land development plan does not allow any residential buildings in this area.
The environmental decision provides for a number of noise barriers which are featured in the design and marked pink. These are located in different locations along the entire tramway route. The current version of the design is not finished and the residents’ comments are gathered. Also, opinions on the design are issued by all municipal companies and institutions responsible for the review of documentation, utility owners or environmental authorities. The designer must reassess the environmental impact of the project – more specifically, or must review the solutions that are included in the building permit design. The provisions in the environmental decision may still be changed following the amendments introduced (like the lowering of the tramway route in the area of Młyńskie roundabout, which is a positive change for the neighboring areas in terms of noise emissions).
Are there any plans for noise barriers (or other types of noise safety measures) along Jancarza street, especially at the curve between Kurzei and Marchołta streets?
The design does not provide for any redevelopment of the noise barrier currently in place on the western side of Reduta street up to Kurzei street. Pursuant to the decision of environmental conditions, vibration damping mats or another equivalent vibration damping technology must be used in the trackbed. On-completion noise survey will be made after the project is completed to check how efficient the noise reduction measures used are.
Will the noise barriers be covered in greenery?
In line with the tender documentation (PFU item 4.10.24 Noise barriers), it is the Public Partner’s decision whether or not to plant creepers on full panels. The elaboration will be agreed with the Municipal Greenery Authority (ZZM) at a later stage of the project.
What is the planned height of noise barriers along Meissnera street in the area of intersection with Ugorek street? Wouldn’t it be better for the first blocks in Włodkowica and Ugorek streets if the noise barriers slightly entered Ugorek street as well?
Pursuant to the decision on environmental conditions, the barriers must be 6 meters high in the vicinity of these buildings (addresses to be secured: Włodkowica street 1 and 2, Janickiego street 1).
The designer must reassess the project’s environmental impact to determine whether, for instance, the height of the noise barriers as defined in the decision on environmental conditions is sufficient.
What if the residents of Dobrego Pasterza street will not accept the noise barriers?
And another question, somehow linked with the plans. The tramway to Mistrzejowice is to be extended by another section. From the Piastów residential estate terminus to the border with Batowice by the railway tracks. Given the high-density building pattern, there is a risk that the tramway route will be between Nowa Huta Tax Office and the residential buildings opposite to it. How will the residents be protected from the tramway-generated noise?
As part of the design, there are no plans to change the existing roadways or road network pattern in the area of Dobrego Pasterza street; tramway tracks are built on the southern side. The designer is analyzing how the tramway route under construction affects the residential developments nearby and checks whether noise barriers are necessary.
The answer to the second part of the question: the extension is outside the scope of this project.
Why do you fail to comply with the requirements set in the local land development plan whereby the tree-lines in Meissnera street must be protected?
The abovementioned section of Meissnera street features trees that are not in conflict with the project and these will be kept. However, there are places where changes and felling are necessary to spread the road layout in order to lay out the tramway route. Decisions concerning greenery are only taken after the roadway layout is planned and a detailed conflict analysis is ready – at this point we would know which trees can be saved. In accordance with legal regulations in Article 11i (2) of the Act of 10 April 2003 on detailed rules for the preparation and implementation of investment projects in the field of public roads, the provisions governing planning and spatial development do not apply to matters relating to the road construction consent. The request for RCC decision – which includes, in particular, a map featuring the proposed road route and an analysis of the interface between the road and other public roads – is accepted and filed by the competent road authority.
Which Local Development Plan (MPZP) states the roadway in Meissnera and Młyńska is to be 3.5m wide?
The Local Development Plan (MPZP) for Ugorek – Fiołkowa applies there. The Local Development Plan (MPZP) does not set the parameters of a road yet its category only. Specific parameters are defined in detailed regulations.
The Local Development Plan (MPZP) states that Meissnera and Młyńska streets are roads classified under KDZT.2 category – 2×2 with a planned tramway track in the median strip.
Why do you fail to comply with the City of Kraków’s study and you designed Młyńska street as a traffic road, even though under the city’s study it should be primarily a city street.
All streets in the city are also roads – they are comprehensive roads (subordinated to public transportation). They have a specific role of making an area accessible. The tramway route to Mistrzejowice – or its designing, to be specific – complies with the Local Development Plan (MPZP) and any design guidelines.
Public transportation is the basis for the city’s transport policy – hence, the construction of a new tramway route is in line with it.
What the staff from ZDMK say about the two lanes on Meissnera street is a contradiction in terms. The Municipal Traffic Engineer changed traffic arrangement to feature one lane which – given your statements – is not in line with the Local Development Plan (MPZP). So you as ZDMK are bound by the law and the Municipal Traffic Engineer is not?
When making changes on Meissnera street, the Municipal Traffic Engineer was following the guidelines compiled in the audit of Road Traffic Safety. The main aim was to improve safety until the project linked to the construction of tramway route to Mistrzejowice is completed.
ZDMK is aware of the traffic arrangement in place on Meissnera street (the single lane solution), yet you need to take into account the city’s structure, study plans and local development plans which are all clear about the function of this street. In the light of traffic needs, local development plans and the accessibility of the area, the 2×2 solution will be maintained. Matters related to traffic arrangements will be established with the City of Kraków’s Municipal Traffic Engineer.
Who and when checked traffic volume? The intersection of tramway route with Dobrego Pasterza street will even further increase traffic jams in the neighborhood. Is there an option considered of placing the tramway route in a tunnel at this section until it reaches Bohomolca street?
Traffic volumes were checked as part of developing the concept for a task linked to the construction of the tramway route to Mistrzejowice. The contractor is now supposed to update the checks.
No tunnel option is considered for the section.
Has anyone actually thought about how the tramway route will hinder or even block traffic on Dobrego Pasterza and Bohomolca streets? What about the intersection of Bohomolca and Dobrego Pasterza streets? Why the streets cross at the same level? How will this affect car traffic?
If the tramway route intersects Bohomolca street – which already hosts bigger traffic than initially accepted – will the traffic here still be smooth? Once pedestrian crossings and traffic lights are added, the traffic here might look bad, to put it mildly.
I’ve read the tramway frequency here will be 90 seconds. Since the tramway route will be in conflict with car traffic, how much worse Dobrego Pasterza street will become for motorists?
If the tramway route intersects Bohomolca street – which already hosts bigger traffic than initially accepted – will the traffic here still be smooth? Once pedestrian crossings and traffic lights are added, the traffic here might simply be paralyzed. Is an underground route not an option at this section (the area around Bohomolca street is clearly elevated which would make it easier).
Don’t you expect Dobrego Pasterza street to be a permanent traffic jam? Your model says nothing about this threat?
Even though when Serenada Mall had been developed the intersection of Bohomolca and Dobrego Pasterza streets was redesigned, major car traffic is now reported there, especially in Bohomolca street. It seems clear that the tramway route that will intersect with Dobrego Pasterza street (in the area of Aqua Park) and will enter Bohomolca street will only boost traffic jams. I assume traffic lights will be installed to prioritize the tram which will only add to the problem of traffic jams.
Has any study been made into how the tramway route intersecting with Dobrego Pasterza and Bohomolca streets will affect the rush hour car traffic? Will the streets be paralyzed due to the number of trams running per hour?
The city’s transport policy is focused on developing public transportation. Any matters related to traffic arrangements will be established by the contractor with the City of Kraków’s Municipal Traffic Engineer.
The idea behind the tramway route is to shift car traffic to rail traffic. The tramway is set to transport approx. 2,700 passengers every hour. So, the traffic makeup should change.
Why is there no plan to redesign the intersection with Reduta street during the construction of the tramway route? Even now, the traffic in this area is heavy.
The project concerns the construction of a tramway route to Mistrzejowice and adapting the road layout accordingly.
The intersection with Reduta street has no impact on the planned route – ZDMK will request a task in the 2022 budget related to the intersection redesign. It would be a new investment task.
Is there any chance to limit traffic on Reduta street now that the tramway route is constructed? It is a D category street yet serves as a through street. The residents fear the entire traffic will be directed through their street during the construction works. The street is already not safe.
The idea behind the tramway route is to shift car traffic to rail traffic. The tramway is set to transport approx. 2,700 passengers every hour. So, the traffic makeup should change.
At this stage, there are no traffic arrangement decisions made for the construction period – discussions are underway.
Have you been checking how dangerous the pedestrian crossing at Kniaźnina/Bohomolca streets is (elevation)? Why do you want to add a tram stop on the other side of a heavily developed Oświecenia residential estate. Why can’t the stop be located 40 meters further, on the eastern side (from the perspective of Oświecenia residential estate).
Public Transport Authority in Kraków (ZTP) was analyzing the location of this tram stop. Their study considered the safety of residents and their needs.
Is there an option to move the bus stop in Bohomolca street towards Marchołta street so that the exit road reaches Bohomolca street?
Such a solution has not been considered.
Why did you abandon the idea of a tram stop at the Marchołta/Bohomolca intersection and instead you tuck the stop into a dangerous and jammed intersection of Kniaźnina/Bohomolca streets?
The location of tram stops has been analyzed by the Public Transport Authority in Kraków (ZTP).
The pass near Kniaźnina/Bohomolca intersection is very dangerous. Just check the number of accidents in the recent years there involving pedestrians and cyclists.
This spot has been reviewed for safety in a bicycle audit. We will be checking the number of accidents.
How will the exit be made from the multifamily real estate in Bohomolca street (plot MW.21)?
How will the residents of Domosfera 2 (in Bohomolca street) be reaching the blocks?
How will the exit be made from the multifamily real estates in Bohomolca street (plot MW.21)? Will there be a direct exit from Bohomolca street?
By directing the tram route through Krzesławicka street and not connecting this street with Dobrego Pasterza street, traffic will be forwarded to the area of single family dwellings – transfer of traffic to Aliny street and Brzechwy street which are not meant to handle this type of traffic. Why cannot the exit from major residential compounds in Krzesławicka street (areas MW 21 MW 22) be to Bohomolca street?
These areas will not be exiting to Krzesławicka street. The street will remain without pass, except for pedestrians and cyclists. MW.21 plot (Domosfera II) will be accessible from the area of the tram stop in Bohomolca street.
If MW.21 plot is to be exited into Marchołta street, there should also be a turn-around area there (20m*20m) – similar to the one in Krzesławicka street. There is no room for that. Where exactly will the exit from plot MW.21 be located?
This is a private area. The real estate developer is establishing the scope and manner of accessibility which are subject to a review by the Municipal Traffic Engineer who will be scrutinizing how this traffic will affect the residents. Kraków Municipal Road Authority (ZDMK) is making all efforts not to direct the traffic to Krzesławicka street so that the street remains a local one. The U-turn area – due to the difference in levels and other reasons – will not be able to serve the project. The real estate developer is now making arrangements for the design of how the buildings will be served, by giving them access to Bohomolca street. The documentation has been filed for review and changes that are necessary to coordinate the project from technical and traffic lights perspective. Once the real estate developer-compiled documents are agreed upon and reviewed by the tramway route designer, ZDMK will try to insert this to designs as a separate part of the project – it will be made available to the residents.
Was it also under consideration to place the tramway route at level -1 in the vicinity of Krzesławicka street so as not to cross the over-ground tram line and Dobrego Pasterza and Bohomolca streets? 3) See the illustrative drawing here: https://pasteboard.co/Kjwn5zY.png
Is the construction of an underground tramway route considered in the area from Dobrego Pasterza to Bohomolca streets?
Please consider an underground tramway route at the Dobrego Pasterza-Bohomolca section.
I don’t understand why underground tramway route is not an option for Dobrego Pasterza, Krzesławicka, Bohomolca since the area is already tightly developed and dangerous.
No tunnel option is considered for the section.
Who signed the concept of constructing a tramway route cramped along Bohomolca, Krzesławicka and Dobrego Pasterza streets?
The concept was prepared by an authorized design office.
Who gave positive opinion on this concept whereby traffic on Dobrego Pasterza and Bohomolca streets will be hindered? Why an underground tramway route is not an option here?
The concept was prepared by an authorized design office. It was then publicly consulted. Appropriate authorities approved them as well.
ZDMK and city authorities must take care of the residents as well. The solution proposed will forever make the exit to Dobrego Pasterza and Bohomolca difficult. It’s already a dangerous spot. City authorities keep issuing new building permits and then they tuck this over-ground tram route.
Any changes currently made in the area are based on the Local Development Plan approved. The Local Development Plan was subject to public consultations.
Did you compare traffic capacity between the intersection next to Galeria Serenada mall, CH Krokus mall, Multikino cinema, Aqua Park, the vicinity of the blocks and Młyńskie roundabout?
Yes, traffic has been analyzed.
Has the designer or anyone else accepting the concept ever actually been on the ground around Dobrego Pasterza, Krzesławicka and Bohomolca streets? The over-ground tramway route will make it worse for the residents. It’s already clogged and jammed.
Yes, on-site inspection is part of design works.
What are the obstacles to expanding the design area so that it covers the exit from Jurczaka street viaduct to Bora Komorowskiego street to eventually ease the traffic on Bohomolca street?
This solution is outside of the scope of the environmental decision.
There were premetro drillings also on Dobrego Pasterza street and city authorities will also have savings here if the tramway route will be underground at the Dobrego Pasterza-Bohomolca section.
Analyses made as part of the premetro study are used for the purposes of the construction of the tramway route to Mistrzejowice.
What will the traffic arrangement look like at the Bohomolca and Kniaźnina intersection during the construction of the tramway route?
Currently, designs of temporary traffic arrangement are being prepared with the underlying assumption to minimize the difficulties for road users and to ensure works can be performed at the same time. Given the linear nature of the construction project, the staging must cover the entire section. In this specific location – and the scope of road and track works – temporary closure of the approach from Kniaźnina street will be necessary as well traffic limitations on Bohomolca street. Final temporary traffic organization designs for the section will be prepared and filed with the Municipal Traffic Engineer after the stage of industry-specific arrangements and designs is completed (e.g. electricity networks).
Are there any plans for bus lanes to be introduced for the duration of the construction works? This way, buses will not get stuck in traffic jams that will undoubtedly be major. Don’t forget Młyńska and Dobrego Pasterza streets are the routes of several dozens of buses running from almost all neighborhoods of Kraków.
The introduction of this type of solutions depends on several factors, including terrain capabilities – the width of the street’s cross-section. Such decisions are made in the course of arrangements concerning temporary traffic organization designs. However, such a solution may also be introduced at a certain stage of the project following the review of the actual traffic situation.
Are there any plans to carry out works also in the evening / night hours to shorten the project completion time as much as possible?
Construction works will be in principle performed between 6 am and 10 pm. Works at night are significantly inconvenient for the residents of neighboring buildings, yet in justified cases, they would also be carried out at night.
How many bus lines will be closed that are overlapping with the new tramway route?
How many of the bus lines on Dobrego Pasterza street will be closed?
Respective decisions will be taken by the unit in charge of public transportation – ZTPK.
Mr. Rapciak mentioned 40 tramway sets – does that concern one-way route or both ways? I’m asking in the context of the solutions you mentioned for the future fast tram (metro) on Młyńskie roundabout. Will the infrastructure – especially in the area of Dobrego Pasterza street – handle additional tramway ets?
40 tramway sets is for one direction only. Naturally, the number includes sets of the future premetro.
What will be the travel time of the Fast Tram from Mistrzejowice terminus to the city center?
Travel time from Mistrzejowice to the center will be approx. 19 minutes.
What is the cost of purchasing and operating the tram rolling stock vs the cost of purchasing electric buses?
We have no data to prepare such an analysis – competences of the Public Transport Authority in Kraków (ZTPK) and the Municipal Communication Company (MPK) in Kraków.
Will the recording of today’s consultation be available online, e.g. on the website: https://tramwajdomistrzejowic.pl/
The recording is posted on www.tramwajdomistrzejowic.pl. It is also available on Kraków Municipal Road Authority’s (ZDMK) YouTube channel.
Why will the stops be on level -1 or even -2? What about the elderly, the disabled or parents with prams?
What is the idea behind levels -1 and -2 at Polsadu roundabout?
The design of the roundabout, under which the tramway route is projected, provides for access via 4 staircases through stairs, escalators and elevators which enables the movement of the elderly, the disabled and parents with prams. A passenger may therefore go from the underground stop in any direction without having to use the pedestrian crossings already existing. The tramway route and underground stops are designed on level -2.
Why has the location of the traction station been changed to the intersection of Marchołta and Bohomolca streets where there are many trees there? Originally, the station was to be located in the vicinity of Domosfera I development (open areas).
The traction substation is an integral part of a tram road being its only power source. Location of the substation depends on many aspects, e.g. length of traction feeder cables. Given the above, the traction substation should be located near the middle point of the tram road section powered by a given substation. The indicated location is such a place. At the same time, the substation should be located in close proximity to the tram road (trackbed) so that voltage drops between the substation and the tram road are limited. Talks about the power supply zones are still being held so the location of the traction substation in Marchołta street can also be changed. In addition, due to the noise caused by the ventilation system, which is an integral part of a traction substation, it was proposed to move the substation away from Domosfera I building.
What will be the solution adopted for Załuskich street? Will it be possible to access Jancarza street from Załuskich street as it is the case now?
Yes, Załuskich street will have an access point onto Jancarza street, as it is the case now. There will be only one change though – tram tracks will have to be crossed.
How will the problematic location of the new Mistrzejowice terminus solved due to large ground level differences at the section approaching the old terminus, Załuskich street and behind it along Jancarza street?
The designer has designed the tram road in accordance with the applicable standards. It has adopted appropriate longitudinal gradients thanks to which the above-mentioned location of the terminus is possible.
Why isn’t it possible to reach Grzegórzecka street with the planned tram road?
Pursuant to the Functional Specification, the scope between Meissnera and Grzegórzecka street does not fall within the scope of the project in question. Moreover, the section from Grzegórzecka street to Meissnera street has already a tram road, according to the currently available locations of the tram network in Krakow.
Will the fragment of the wall of former Landwehr barracks be kept as the so-called witness to history – situated in Dobrego Pasterza street near the existing transformer station?
According to the information obtained from the Municipal Conservation Officer of Kraków in letter of 14.04.2021, the barracks of the infantry, the building connected with the Kraków Fortress, do not conflict with the planned project (the building does not exist).
Why were traffic forecasts made in March and July only? March – pandemic, July – holiday season. Such measurements and analyses do not reflect the actual traffic volume.
Traffic surveys – Kraków Traffic Model – are updated on an ongoing basis. The data from this model are used as baseline data in detailed designs and traffic forecasts, such as KST IV. Both this year as well as the last year are full of COVID-19 anomalies and related restrictions which is visible also in transport. If the forecast was created only on the basis of in-situ studies carried out over the last 1.5 year, such data would be unreliable. But this is not the case since such surveys are conducted in the city continuously and the aforementioned anomalies can be eliminated in a detailed model analyzed by the designer. As a standard, measurements are, of course, performed during morning and afternoon rush hours when the traffic volume is larger. The project will not eliminate such traffic jams. The only solution is to plan projects of a wider scope in the city so that they encourage the residents to choose collective transport instead of a car.
Have the designers taken into account the fact that premetro trainsets of length of up to 60 m will run along the section between the Aqua Park and Młyńskie roundabout in the future? Will the designed stops (especially the underground stops!) be long enough for such trains?
This month, the designer received information concerning introduction of Change Order No. 1 (tram on -1 level starting from Młyńskie roundabout). The Department of Municipal Services of the Municipal Office of Kraków (UMK WGK) notes the potentially insufficient width of the link enabling transfer between Premetro and KST IV, however, the final standpoint regarding this issue is to be taken by the entity responsible for this project (ZDMK). At present, the traffic forecast is being analyzed. The designer will ask that UMK WGK provide clear information concerning the traffic forecast for premetro in order to compare the results and the mutual impact of both projects. Thanks to such an analysis it will be possible to state whether the length of boarding platforms is sufficient.
I would like to ask you about the curve in Bohomolca street, at the level between Marchołta and Kurzei streets: what will be the radius of the track curve there, what type of rails will be adopted there (railway rails or grooved rails), are any lubricators planned to be installed at those curves?
The maximum possible curve radius designed by the Designer at this point is 50 m. According to the design, tram (grooved) rails will be adopted; in addition, track lubricators will be situated before the curves which will prevent any grinding or squeaking noise caused by friction between tram wheels and rails.
Lubricators have been designed at all curves smaller than 150 m pursuant to the Functional Specification (PFU).
Why is no car park planned to be built as part of the construction of the tram road?
The city builds parking stalls and car parks in other investment tasks: Program of construction of parking spaces and Program of construction of P&R facilities.
Why have no new parking stalls been designed along Bohomolca street if around 20 stalls are to be eliminated at Domosfera 1 development as well as the makeshift parking area in Krzesławicka street (for around 50 vehicles)?
The main objective of the project is the construction of a tram road. The associated infrastructure is adjusted to it.
Why was the decision on the route of the tram road taken during the consultation in 2015, attended by only 160 people?
The public consultation was conducted in accordance with the applicable law. We have no control over the number of people who attend such meetings – they were open to the public.
The information of the obtained environmental decision was also made public.
Why has no one consulted the residents so far? References to the consultation of 2015 are absurd since there were no residential buildings along Dobrego Pasterza and Bohomolca streets at that time.
The Prądnik Czerwony Wschód local development plan (MPZP) has been effective since 2018 (in October 2014, works on the plan started). The project connected with the construction of the tram road is compliant with the provisions of the plan.
– Technological advancement in recent years has allowed for a significant reduction in the propagation of vibrations to buildings. Residents will enjoy the fast and modern tramway route and the new road pavements that will not require renovation after a few years like before – says Prof. Tadeusz Tatara of the Cracow University of Technology.
Interview with Prof. Tadeusz Tatara*, Head of the Chair of Mechanics of Engineering Structures (Cracow University of Technology), who specializes in studying strains and vibrations in structures
The construction of a tram route in an area of intensive residential development – like the KST IV project – raises concerns about the impact of vibrations on nearby buildings. Is there a reason to be afraid of?
Prof. Tadeusz Tatara: – It is understandable that residents may have concerns regarding vibrations and its effects on the structures of buildings and the people inside them. The vicinity of a busy road is enough for the residents of nearby buildings to notice the impact, e.g. in the form of scratches or even cracks in the walls. This is usually safe for the structure itself yet is uncomfortable. Especially for someone who has recently painted the apartment.
Naturally, a lot depends on the technical condition of a building, but also on the quality of the transport infrastructure. Technological advancement in recent years has allowed for a significant reduction in the propagation of vibrations to buildings. An example might be the recently renovated Mogilska Street, where the existing buildings are located a short distance from the trackbed and the altered road network. The residents voiced their concerns about the project. And what is the status today? No complaints. A new, noise-reducing pavement is in place with properly selected vibration damping elements and a modern rolling stock used. The same goes for the KST IV project.
The residents of Mogilska Street are already used to a tramway route nearby. For those living along Młyńska or Dobrego Pasterza Streets it is a brand new experience…
– Tramway route is a comprehensive solution: trackbed, systems, rolling stock. Just compare the trams we had in Kraków 10-15 years ago and the ones on the tracks now. Also, various vibration damping solutions are mandatory these days. They always feature rail baseplates, polyurethane encapsulating compounds and vibration damping mats. I am currently supervising a research on a vibro-barrier, i.e. a partition in the ground installed to a certain depth which is using recycled materials. It is an additional element that can be used in this type of investments. If these solutions are appropriately selected and will meet standards regarding the impact of vibrations, then I would say that the negative impact of tramway traffic on buildings will be significantly limited
How do you select an appropriate damping solution?
– Already at the design stage an analysis is made that serves as the basis for a forecast on vibration impact and for selecting the appropriate vibration damping solutions. In the impact zone, representative buildings are selected and the so-called dynamic background is measured so that we establish the vibrations that occur in buildings at the quality of the communication system currently in place. These buildings must be carefully selected since we are looking for the weakest links – not buildings erected with the use of modern materials and technologies. Their number must be appropriate or the analysis will be imprecise and will trigger costs at the implementation stage related to the use of more expensive vibration damping mats along the entire route. In other words – savings at the analysis stage may be deceptive.
In the next step, models of representative buildings are calibrated and – using the database of vibration measurements at various tram runs – simulations are made. They take into account various aspects, e.g. ground conditions, gauge height. Adequate damping solutions are then selected to meet the standard conditions required.
It is difficult to talk about standards when we are faced with something versus which tolerance levels will vary. Someone may not feel the effects of the vibration while someone else will complain about it.
– Two aspects should be distinguished: the possible harmfulness of vibrations on the structure of buildings and the impact of the same vibrations on people inside the buildings. Naturally, each person may have a different threshold for perceiving such phenomena, but some things should be generalized. I have co-authored both the standard on the impact of vibrations transmitted by the ground on buildings and on the assessment of their impact by people. The standard for the assessment of the impact of vibrations on people distinguishes, among others, day and night time, buildings with various functions – hospitals, educational institutions, houses, etc. Such a generalization is possible, although it takes into account a number of variables.
And what about the standard for buildings? Do you take into account for instance their age?
– There are two scales. To put it simply: one refers to small buildings, the other to higher buildings: up to five storeys constructed using traditional method or with large-size elements. We have both these classes along the KST IV route: single-family houses at Krzesławicka Street and the ‘razor’ building at Meissnera Street.
Since a lot depends on the technical condition of a building, the time when it was erected – or rather the technology then used – also matters. For example, in the vicinity of the viaduct along Bora Komorowskiego Street we have 5-storey buildings from the turn of 1960s and 1970s made of large panels. What matters in this case is the quality of workmanship of the contacts between them. Every material is aging, so the contacts in such a structure are subject to degradation. If simulations and selections are made for these weakened buildings – in historic Krakow these are often centuries old – you can choose the appropriate vibration damping and prevent the effects of vibrations.
We are talking about forecasts. What if the vibrations bother the residents after the project is completed?
– After the ribbon-cutting ceremony and once the tram is operational and the drivers use the new pavement, you have to answer the question: is the vibration damping really effective? To this end, another measurement is recommended in the representative buildings. It is usually made 36-40 days after the project is completed. Results are then compared. If he levels are exceeded, further solutions must be sought.
It may turn out that the problem of cracks is not in the trackbed but in the building itself. That is why, prior to the project launch, the contractor makes an inventory of the technical condition of the buildings in the impact zone. Imagine a resident claiming for damages yet without justification – since the damage occurred before the project. Photo documentation is very helpful in such circumstances.
How can you minimize vibrations when trams are already running on the trackbed?
– The point where the wheel meets the rail is of key importance. Therefore, it is necessary to first of all reprofile wheels, grind the rails, lubricate them on the curves and take care of the appropriate quality of turnouts. The aim is to get rid of unevenness and the characteristic knocking of a passing tram. Drivers should be covering turnouts or curves with appropriate speed. Do not forget about the condition of trolleys, because if unbalanced, they also generate vibrations in the ground and are the cause of their propagation and impact on buildings.
Part of the KST IV tram route will run in a tunnel – how does that impact the intensity of feeling vibrations?
– It may sound unbelievable yet this works to the benefit of the residents. To put it simply, a reinforced concrete tram tunnel is a concrete box with a very large mass that is able to dampen some of the vibrations generated by trams. In the case of the tunnel section, the subsoil will be extremely important – its saturation is certainly checked as well as groundwater table in the area of Polsadu roundabout and Sudół Dominikański. This is because water is conducive to the transmission of vibrations.
The construction time will certainly be a difficult period for the residents. What can the contractor do to minimize the inconvenience of vibrations at this stage?
– Indeed, difficult times yet no one will remember the inconvenience once the construction works are over. Residents will enjoy the fast and modern tramway route and the new road pavements that will not require renovation after a few years like before. It is worth believing in technological progress and freeing yourself from thinking that life will be worse after the project.
Vibrations during the works will certainly be caused by numerous construction machines. A pile driving hammer will surely be a cause for complaints. As and when needed, sensors can be installed in the area of the works to monitor the vibration level on an ongoing basis and compare it with the standard parameters. You can then react and, for instance, change the settings of the dropweight.
Much depends on the contractor’s diligence when organizing the construction site. You can always improve the panel joints of the haulage road, but you can also make them correctly in the first place – to avoid the discomfort for the residents.
Interviewed by Gabriela Łazarczyk, Gülermak
*Prof. Tadeusz Tatara – specialist in the field of seismic and paraseismic vibrations, building dynamics, as well as diagnostics and monitoring of engineering structures. Author and co–author of over 220 publications, 4 trademarks, one patent application and 2 national standards to assess the impact of vibrations transmitted through the ground on buildings and people. The lead performer of 14 research projects financed from external sources.
For the KST IV Project. together with his team from the Cracow University of Technology, he will perform analyzes, taking into account in particular: determining the impact zones of dynamic vibrations on building structures and on people staying in buildings, the selection of representative buildings for analysis and the analysis of computer simulation results in the scope of calibrating calculation models and solutions minimizing dynamic impacts on building structures and on people indoors (if the computer simulation proves it necessary).
An anonymous author is collecting signatures on a petition with objections to the project of construction of the tram road to Mistrzejowice. Arguments marked with negative emotions are a long way from the actual project assumptions.
On the internet, signatures on petition entitled “Underground tram to Prądnik Czerwony, Cracow” [“
Podziemny tramwaj na Prądnik Czerwony, Kraków”] published on avaaz.org platform are being collected. Its content suggests that the project was designed to the prejudice of residents of the area of: Dobrego Pasterza, Krzesławicka and Bohomolca Streets. The author’s argumentation is not consistent with the factual state which misleads the signatories and contributes to dissemination of false information on the project.
Below, we publish polemics against the arguments presented. Should the residents want to obtain reliable information on design options, please contact the information point of the project: by phone – 722 22 00 88 (Monday-Friday from 8:00 until 16:00); via e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, or via our FB profile: Tramwaj do Mistrzejowic. This website is another source of first-hand information.
“The planned tram road from Meissnera to Mistrzejowice is to run just under the windows of residential buildings in Krzesławicka Street…” – The distance of the tram road from both residential buildings located in Krzesławicka Street is more than 15 m.
“… current car traffic is to be let to narrow, estate roads of Aliny and Krzesławicka Streets…” – Both streets will lose direct link with Dobrego Pasterza Street, thanks to which they will become even more local. Residential buildings located in Krzesławicka Street will be accessed through Brzechwy Street.
“… Traffic from new developments will be led to Bachledy Street, ill-suited Brzechwy Street (which is a residential street), and then to Kwartowa Street (which is very often jammed even today) and Dobrego Pasterza Street” – The streets listed are not addressed by the project; no interference in traffic arrangement in those streets is planned in connection with the planned works. The project consists in construction of a full tram infrastructure and adjustment of the road network to it. Problems connected with the functioning of the remaining road network should be solved by means of separate investment tasks.
“… the implementation plan (…) will dramatically reduce quality of life of residents in the neighborhood of the project, very negatively affect safety of pedestrians and cyclists, and it will make car traffic highly onerous both for residents of that area and for drivers.” – Quite the contrary – the project involves enhancement of the quality of life of residents, which will have a positive impact on safety of all mentioned road users. The plans include i.a. construction of separated bike paths along the entire tram road, use of safe, noise reducing pavement on bike paths and roadways, designing of a better road layout as well as introduction of new traffic signs and road markings. All design and construction works include adjustment of the entire altered layout to the applicable regulations and standards as regards pedestrians and cyclists, including unprotected road users.
Last Thursday the representatives of the project took part in XXXIII session of District XV Mistrzejowice Council presenting its assumptions and answering the questions of the councilors. We present their list with answers.
1) How will the tram road cross Dobrego Pasterza Street?
Answer: At the level of the Aqua Park, the tram road will cross the roadway of Dobrego Pasterza Street and run on the northern side of it, and then, it will enter Krzesławicka Street.
2) Will the tram road be integrated with the planned premetro?
Answer: Our section is prepared to be included in premetro, among others, by means of construction of longer underground stops. At this stage, the project does not include solutions concerning providing the premetro line along Dobrego Pasterza Street and incorporating it into KST IV, however, according to the information we have, such analyses are planned to be performed as part of works on the premetro.
3) How will the tram road cross Bohomolca Street? Since the road can be used by even 90 trams per hour, are there any concerns regarding the road network in this area?
Answer: The tram will run onto the eastern side of Bohomolca Street between the intersections with Kniaźnina and Marchołta Streets. At the intersection of Bohomolca and Kniaźnina Streets, there will be additional traffic lights; the final solutions for the intersection with Marchołta Street are being analyzed by the Municipal Traffic Engineer. Frequency of tram departures of 90 seconds is the maximum frequency, which means that the infrastructure will be adapted to such short intervals between trams, however, timetables will be adjusted by the Public Transport Authority to the forecasted passenger number during certain hours. The aim of the project is to find solutions which will be optimal for all road users: passengers, pedestrians, cyclists and drivers.
4) Is it possible to analyze the option of constructing a tunnel for the tram road along Dobrego Pasterza Street?
Answer: The finalized concept of tram road construction is being created on the basis of the design developed and consulted, among others, with the council of District XV (2017), which does not provide for a tunnel section at this location. Extension of the tunnel would have a significant impact on the duration and cost of the project, however, Kraków Municipal Road Authority will consider advisability of an analysis of such an option at the request of the Council of District XV.
5) Will track lubricators be applied at the designed curve between Bohomolca and Jancarza Streets in order to reduce the noise?
Answer: At the location in question, track lubricators will be installed.
6) Will a vegetation-line constituting a noise protection measure be created on the southern side of Kniaźnina Street as requested by the Council of District XV?
Answer: A narrow tree-line has little impact on noise protection but is of significant value in terms of aesthetics. The type and scope of plantings at the determined location, as well as within the entire area of the project, will be specified in the landscaping design which will be consulted with the Municipal Greenery Authority. Its assumptions will be presented in autumn.
7) Where will noise barriers be provided?
Answer: Acoustic analysis is being carrying out, on the basis of which adequate noise protection measures will be designed. The environmental decision issued for the project imposes on the designer the obligation to install noise barriers at some locations, whereas in other places, it requires revision of the scope and type of noise abatement on the basis of analysis results.
8) How long will the construction take?
Answer: The contract duration is 40 months, approx. 25 of which are intended for construction works. They are planned to be commenced in Q1 2022.
9) Are any meetings with residents planned to be held?
Answer: Yes, they are. The details will be provided to you at the turn of August/September this year.
10) Where does the project value of 1.1 billion zlotys come from?
Answer: The project cost only, that is the construction of a tram road, constitutes approx. 660 million zlotys. The rest of the amount is the maintenance cost of the road for 20 years and its adjustment to requirements of Cracow after that period of time, for which the Private Partner will be responsible, as well as costs of financing the project, including credit costs.
11) Plans of tram road construction have been blocking some investment projects in the district, e.g. construction of lighting in Jancarza Street or of a car park within the green space in Bohomolca Street. When can they be implemented?
Answer: Prior to developing the design concept, it was not known, how exactly the land take for the project would look, therefore – due to the risk of conflicts – no permits for projects like the ones in question were issued. Now, when the concept is being finalized, planning of such tasks can be resumed.
In the first and second week of July, the designing team composed of representatives of the private partner, the public entity and the designer of the investment project attended sessions of Councils of Districts III and XV. Below, we present questions asked at the meetings and answers to them.
1. In Meissner Street, heat network has been replaced recently – will the tram road run above it?
Answer: The heating main in question is to be adjusted. The conditions for adjustment received from MPEC, where the need to increase the diameter of this main was indicated, are being verified. The final scope of adjustment is yet to be determined. The consultation process between the employer-contractor and MPEC regarding the scope of works is in progress.
2. Where can be the package of designs with all parts of the designed road be found?
Answer: The work package of the building plans was submitted to the bicycle policy audit of Construction of KST tram road, stage IV (Meissnera Street – Mistrzejowice) – Public Transport Authority in Cracow (ZTP Kraków) (mobilnykrakow.pl). It is not the final version of the design; it will be subject to further changes and corrections.
3. In Młyńska and Meissnera Streets, traffic was rearranged last year – cars park on the right-most lanes. Does the width of those lanes has to be also 3.5 m according to the new design?
Answer: The possibility of narrowing the outer lanes to the width of parking spaces was analyzed, however, both the master plan and the development plan, which is adjusted to the planned traffic volume and development of areas of neighboring estates, provide for two traffic lanes at this location. The situation after reducing the number of traffic lanes is being monitored; with the current traffic volume, this solution is efficient but potential narrowing of lanes would fully prevent their use for traffic in the future. The most probable solution is maintaining the current scope – that is, two 3.5 m wide traffic lanes and closure of the outer lane by means of visual narrowing and introduction of parking function under traffic arrangement. The permanent traffic arrangement will be developed at a later stage of the project.
4. It is said that a concrete highway will be constructed in Młyńska Street. How to calm the residents?
Answer: In general, the roadway span will be kept between the existing curblines. Only in the area of boarding platforms, the roadway slightly moves away outward. There will be no additional traffic lanes constructed. Given the social expectations though, the plan provides for widening of sidewalks and addition of bike paths, therefore, the land take area on the outer side of the roadway will be slightly widened. The main objective of the project is construction of a tram road.
5. Is it possible to keep trees in Meissnera and Młyńska Streets?
Answer: Boundaries of the land take area for the project are being verified. The tram route will run on the vegetated strip which implies a conflict with the existing trees. If the predevelopment plan confirms the possibility of transplanting them, they will not be cut down, but moved to another location. If the dendrological analysis however shows that condition of a specific tree is bad, it will have to be removed. Compensation plantings are planned. The same applies to vegetation on the outer part of the roadway, where there can be conflicts in the case of alteration of e.g. buried services. The private partner is open to discussion and cooperation with the Municipal Greenery Authority (ZZM).
6. Can the heating pipes be relocated directly under the bike path, which would enable planting of trees in the vegetated strip on the outer side of the path? At present, there are buried utilities everywhere under green areas which makes planting of trees impossible.
Answer: The guidelines are clear: as much greenery as possible has to be maintained and as many new areas for vegetation as possible have to be determined within the area of the project. Since the surface area of green space is tiny, the designer strives for such design solutions, including locating utilities in such a way that future plantings are possible to the largest extent.
7. Will the designer avoid meanderings of bike paths and walkways to prevent potential collisions?
Answer: The aim of the project is to minimize the risk of collisions and to construct bike paths with a safe layout agreed upon on the bicycle policy audit and by the Municipal Traffic Engineer. All crosswalks through the paths will be signposted. The designed width of bike paths is 2.5 m and of walkways – 2 m, which can reach even 4 m at critical points, e.g. at intersections.
8. Will the tram traffic between Mogilska Street and Jana Pawła II Avenue be suspended due to works carried out at the intersection with Meissnera Street? If so, for how long?
Answer: A detailed schedule of works is being prepared. Traffic closures cannot be avoided given the scope of alteration of the intersection.
9. Does the project provide for introduction of a fourth tram route in Lema Street?
Answer: The contract provided for the performance of an analysis of the possibility of opening the fourth route already now, but the revised traffic analyses indicated that capacity of this intersection would be significantly limited if it is opened. The overriding objective of KST IV project is to open the tram road to Mistrzejowice as soon as possible. Therefore, it has been decided that the route in Lema Street will not be addressed now and that justness of constructing the intersection at two levels will be analyzed at the stage of proceeding the project.
10. Is there any chance to change the location and type of noise walls on the northern side of Jana Pawła II Avenue? At present, they are non-transparent, block cyclists’ view and pose a significant risk of collisions with cars. In general, residents of the district expect that application of noise walls be limited to minimum – they prefer trees.
Answer: The designer is carrying out a detailed acoustic analysis on the basis of which adequate noise protection measures, compliant with the applicable provisions, will be selected. Wherever the new roadway layout requires that noise barriers are dismantled, they will be reconstructed afterwards. In other cases, they will remain in place. Currently, reflective noise barriers are usually used. As regards the scope of the protection, it will be based on the analyses. If the tests indicate that it is necessary to apply a measure providing acoustic comfort inside the buildings, such a measure will be designed.
12. Why cannot the tram road run on viaducts through Młyńskie roundabout?
Answer: The distance between Młyńskie roundabout and Polsadu roundabout, under which a tunnel is designed, is too small to bring the road from -2 level to +1 level. Such a solution would not allow keeping limit values of the track bed gradient permitted by regulations. The second aspect is noise abatement and environmental impact.
13. Does the option with the route running at -1 level through Młyńskie roundabout decrease the scope of land take compared to the above-ground option?
Answer: Due to the necessity to stop the tram on the roundabout island, the roundabout had to be widened in the above-ground option. If the track bed is moved to -1 level, the traffic circle can be made significantly smaller.
14. What is the probability that the option with the tram road at -1 level at Młyńskie roundabout will be executed?
Answer: Contractual provisions regarding the performance of the contract, including introduction of changes to the project, are very rigid. A change consisting in constructing the tram road at -1 level affects the scope of performed works; at present, the so-called change order is being analyzed. Once the cost of those works and the additional time needed for their performance are estimated, the city will make a decision on the selection of the option. City councilors have to consent to additional costs. From a technological viewpoint, such an option is feasible.
15. Is such a large number of traffic lanes needed at the entry from Pilotów Street to Młyńskie roundabout?
Answer: The number of traffic lanes arises directly from the layout of a turbo-roundabout. At the entire roundabout, 2 basic traffic lanes are being designed, and the other lanes will be used to distribute traffic. It is not equivalent to widening of the roundabout but it serves only as a facilitation of traffic at the roundabout, e.g. for buses making a U-turn there. Traffic analyses, which will provide an answer to the question, whether the number of lanes can be smaller or traffic can be reorganized, are being verified. It is worth mentioning that the project is calculated for the next 20-30 years.
16. How will kindergarten No. 162 be accessed?
Answer: There will be no access from Lublańska Street. Due to a very large difference in height and the resulting threat, the existing access way will be eliminated. Access to the kindergarten will be provided with the use of estate roads.
16. Will buses drive on the track bed?
Answer: No. Giving up this solution will enable application of green trackbed technology to the maximum possible extent. Instead of traditional grass, sedum mats will be used on the track bed which are characterized by aesthetic values and do not require mowing.
17. Does the intersection at the location of Barei roundabout have to be so large?
Answer: Traffic analyses forecast large traffic loads at this location. The city is drawing up documentation for construction of Iwaszki Street which will constitute a link with 29 Listopada Avenue. This implies that significant traffic will be led towards Strzelców Street. After the final extension of the traffic system in this area, the entry of Strzelców Steet will require widening. During the designing works, the possibility of keeping the existing layout of Barei roundabout will be analyzed.
18. Will the employees and guests of Quattro Business Park be able to exit the complex through residential developments to Dobrego Pasterza Street?
Answer: No new junctions with Dobrego Pasterza Street are planned.
19. Will the direct link between Krzesławicka Street and Dobrego Pasterza Street be maintained? Can at least the right turn lane be kept?
Answer: Giving up such a link was determined by the need to limit car traffic led directly onto the intersection with the tram road. Instead of this link, a turning head will be created. Those solutions will limit traffic along Krzesławicka Street. While implementing the tram project, Kraków Municipal Road Authority will address the issue of the crossing with Aliny Street, which – according to the legal state – should be a general access road, and of the junction with Brzechwy Street. Those routes will be able to be driven by car freely and conditions for the residents will improve.
20. Residents are against the opening of the link through Brzechwy Street to cars. Can it be given up?
Answer: Arrangements with the Municipal Traffic Engineer will provide an answer to the question whether this route can be included in a traffic-calmed zone once it is opened to car traffic.
21. What solutions will be used so that Krzesławicka Street does not become an illegal park&ride zone?
Answer: There will be no possibility of entering Krzesławicka Street from the side of Dobrego Pasterza Street.
22. Could the tram run at -1 level in Dobrego Pasterza and Bohomolca Streets?
Answer: A premetro study provides for a new tram road further down Dobrego Pasterza Street, where over-ground route is planned. Premetro will not run further along Krzesławicka Street, which is one of the arguments to give up the underground route at this location. Apart from it, underground tram road at such a long section would have a huge impact on the project costs which would jeopardize project implementation. Especially, given such large ground level differences which we face in this area.
23. Once Domosfera II estate is built, there will be new users of Krzesławicka Street. What then?
Answer: The city is in the process of arrangements with the investor regarding organization of vehicle access ways for this new estate. All entities which have given their opinion on any solutions so far, have expressed their objections to letting traffic from this development onto Krzesławicka Street. An access point onto Bohomolca Street is being designed, therefore, egresses from garages are being designed also in that direction.
24. Would it be possible to move the stop located in Bohomolca Street from the level of the intersection with Kniaźnina Street to the level of the intersection with Marchołta Street, so that the stop in Kurzei Street can be given up?
Answer: This proposal was deemed by municipal entities worth considering. An analysis of access paths to stops, given the distance acceptable in Cracow which is 400 m, as well as an analysis of impact on transport organization were conducted. Conclusions of those analyses led to the decision to give up the change in the location of the stops in this area. From a technical viewpoint, they would be feasible, but they are not acceptable from the perspective of organization of access to public transport from neighboring estates and schools.
25. Won’t the high number of crosswalks in Bohomolca Street the disturb flow of traffic?
Answer: The overriding guideline for the contractor is to give priority to the tram road. The traffic lights system will be adjusted to the tram needs. The number of crosswalks results from the urbanization level of this area. Traffic analysis will determine where traffic lights will be necessary.
Who designs a tram road? How is a tunnel constructed? What is not allowed at the construction site? Answers to these as well as other questions of the youngest ones concerning construction of a tram road will be provided during workshops “Little Masters – to Mistrzejowice by tram”.
Free workshops are organized in kindergartens and lower grades of primary schools located in Mistrzejowice, Prądnik Czerwony and Czyżyny districts. The first workshops will take place on 27 May, under the sanitary regime.
They are organized as part of information and promotion measures related to the project of construction of a new Kraków Fast Tram road (KST IV). Through play and attractive presentation way, they stimulate imagination and increase social awareness among kids attending educational institutions in the neighborhood of the planned project.
This school year, workshops will be conducted in those schools and kindergartens which, once invited by the organizer, were the first to volunteer to participate in this event. The plan is to continue the program during the holiday period and in school year 2021/22. Applications should be sent to email@example.com.